Introduction to Indian Philosophy
Indian schools of Philosophy and Spirituality can be broadly divided into two major schools to start with. They are:
- AGAMA, the school of Descend or Life
- NIGAMA, the school of ascend or The Other World
Agama or school of Descend realizes that there is no other world but this very reality that we are living. We need to find out the structure of the Cosmic evolution to Five-Elemental evolution to Earth evolution to Life evolution to Human evolution to the evolution of Human Perception. This is the basic of Yoga school of practical philosophy or Realization. There are six branches of Agama that developed along the
ages from time immemorial and they are known as:
- Shiva / Shaivism (Existential Patriarchy)
- Shakta / Shaktism (Existential Matriarchy)
- Vaishnava / Vaishnavism (Ideal Human Interdependence of Patriarchy and
- Jaina / Jainism (Interdependence between Existentialism and Humanism)
- Buddha / Buddhism (Ideal Humanism in the track of Existentialism)
The compilations of various revelations of the sages of Agama are under three main textual volumes of Brahma-yamala, Vishnu-yamala and Rudra-yamala. Each Yamala has been divided again into two sections of Rahasya-sutras (Threads of Mysticism or Cosmic realization) and Kalpa-sutras (Threads of Visions or Meditation practices). The Jainist and Buddhist references have been connoted in the different yamalas. Nigama or school of Ascend believes that all in this world is illusion and we need to have liberation in Self, which is free from the five-elemental differences. The compilations of various revelations of the sages of Nigama are under four main textual volumes of Vedas known as Rik-Yajur-Shama-Atharva. Each Veda has been divided again into four sections of Samhita (Principles), Smriti (Commentaries or Laws), Aranyak (meditations), Brahmana (Rituals).
Both the opposite schools found some parity in their debates, and conceptions in the texts of Vedanta which means two opposite understandings, one as the end of the Vedas and the other as the Vedas at the end. Agama school had their Vedantas on the realization of Life in Existence as it is as Truth while the Nigama school composed their Vedantas as amplifications of the four main Principles of the four Vedas. Yoga came along the line of Agamas and evolved through social-cultural-religious disparities with Nigama philosophy. It is only after Adi Shankarcharya that both the schools were amalgamated in a school called Mishrakuli. Yoga evolved into Tantra. Tantra is the realization of the structure of Cosmic evolution to evolution of Human Perception. Unlike Nigama, Agama chooses sensation (Pratyaksha) to be the root of
Experience while Nigama thinks that Truth cannot be sensed but only perceived (Paraksha).
Psychology as The Basis of Tantra
Psychology as a science finds perception to be the fruit of repeated sensation evolving through memory. Buddhism the last school of Agama gave birth to Tantra under Lord Nagarjuna. The first book of Tantra is known in academic researches to be Guhyasamaja Tantra by Nagarjuna, the second Buddha. The practice of Kundalini has not been found anywhere before Nagarjuna and in Nagarjuna-Kakshaputam its first
occurrence has been marked. In Panjali’s Yoga Sutras Kundalini and the six chakras have not been at all mentioned though Patanjali has been found by historians to be by and large a contemporary of Nagarjuna.
Kundalini Yoga is also called Kriyayoga by some schools. Kundaliniyoga is the practice of The Balance of the paradox through the awakening of the total nervous system as observed by Nagarjuna and other later Tantrayogis. Buddha Sakyamuni Himself started His teaching based on psychology. The structure of Buddhist Principles is standing on the basis of human evolution of perception. They are:
- Vinaya, or the traits of Humility observing the possibility of existential structuring of disciples
- Abhidhamma, or the traits of Psychological Structure in existential reality
- Sutra, threads of Final Judgments of Truth
They are consecutively based upon one another in the process of development along the skandahas or epistructure of form to sensation, to definition, to science / judgment, to characterization of identity and finally dissolving into Wisdom. Tantra developed along Abhidhamma or Psychology.
Psychic healing is an art under the practice of Buddhist medicinal traits as well as
practices of meditations to approach Nirvana. There are three sets of three channels
that comprise this system of yoga and healing together with realization. Seven charkas
have been described along the length of the body, particularly the torso and the head
those are responsible or houses of psychological evolution. It is the existential
polarization that structures human psychology in paradoxical balances through seven
neurological centers connecting all the three sets of the three channels. The three sets
- Pitri nadi or Father Channel comprising of Sushumna, the spinal cord, Ida, the
left autonomous nervous system, Pingala, the right autonomous nervous
- Matri nadi or Mother Channel comprising of Chandali / Vajrani, central
glandular nervous system, Kingkini, the left extention of the autonomous
nervous system, Chitrini, the right extention of the autonomous nervous
- Yuganadhya nadi or Couple Channel comprising of Avadhuti or the point
behind the joining of the fissure of the two parietal lobes and the occipital
lobe; the left point coming down to brain stem called Lalana nadi and the right
point coming down to brain stem called Rasana nadi.
These three sets are differently named by different schools of yogas. They hold the total structure of the nervous system enabling the Mind to work out psychological differences through the seven charkas or plexus. They are thus:
- Sahasrara – is the mid-brain or corpus-callosum which is assessing the Enlightenment of the Self or crisis of identities. (colour – Violet , note – Ti,)
- Ajna – is the pineal gland connected to the frontal-lobe originating Will of Bliss or wishes / choices of confusions. (colour -Indigo , note – La,)
- Vishuddha – is the throat plexus holding the Clarity of both impression or expression versus depression. (colour – Blue , note – So ,)
- Anahata – is the heart plexus responsible for Love and Hatred between Compassion and compromise. (colour – Green , note – Fa ,)
- Manipura – is the naval plexus creating contentment along satisfaction or discontentment along greed. (colour – Yellow, note – Me,)
- Swadhishthhana — is the sexual plexus originating both Creation and Procreation along the opposites of recreation and perversion. (colour – Orange, note – Re ,)
- Muladhara – is the perineum plexus moving in Inertia of rest and motion and
creating anger from insecurity of the misbalance between the two while can
bring peace in the balance. (colour – Red , note – Do,)
Beyond twelve fingers breadth of the head there is the Maha-kundalini or the Center of THE VOID or the Buddha Mind. It is colourless translated as either ‘Crystal Clarity’ or ‘Void Black’. It is supersonic in sound but can be heard ‘inside’.
Again, twelve finger breadths under perineum is the Gravity point from where the mind can dissolve in the center of Earth leading to a state of conscious coma. It is either all colours possible in sensation and beyond or “Darkness”. It is subsonic in sound but can be felt as the orchestration of the body-mind.
If we can balance these paradoxical opposites described in the aforesaid points in each chakra, we can definitely gain The Cosmic Equilibrium already present in us but disturbed by choices of mind.
The healing starts with one’s own self and proceeds towards what, Tantra calls Purification. The term ‘purification’ is to be understood as the de-conditioning of the extra perceptual conditionings. Extra perceptual conditions are created by ‘choice’, call it evolutionary prize by Existence or a punishment by homo-sapiens intellect. If there is anything conceived as Truth then where is the freedom of choice after
choosing “That”? Yes, the Truth-seeker gets guided by the choice of Truth to find out the truths in every step of relativity which makes Tantra a science of Bio-Psycho-Psychic Quantum. Once we enter this arena of what Cosmic Reality has given us as our limits, we can find the process of de-conditioning of the homo-sapiens extra perceptual conditionings and get into the Cosmic laws unfurling in us. This is in essence YOGA or The Great Union between the Cosmic Reality and Human Truth. The Guru is the Psychotherapist Healer Who holds The Yoga letting the disciple ‘seeing’ the sought, The Balance.